Instruments Used in Laparoscopy

Instruments Used in Laparoscopy

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The laparoscopic armamentarium is getting more modernized and upgraded every day. It makes surgeries easier and more successful.

Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure. It makes smaller incisions on patients’ abdomens. Laparoscopy diagnoses and treats conditions in the abdominal and pelvic region. It aids in safer surgery and speeder recovery of health.

What are the Instruments Used in Laparoscopy?

Modern, safer, easier, and comfortable laparoscopic instruments are available today.

Progressive instruments of laparoscopy include:

  • Laparoscope
  • Slide Lock Graspers
  • Needle Driver
  • Reposable Scissors
  • Uterine Manipulators and
  • Baskets


A laparoscope is a surgical scope made of fiber-optic materials. It is thin and elastic, designed to view through the hollow cavity of the incision.

Laparoscopes have a cold source of light to provide illumination. It also has a camera on one end to provide high-resolution images of the body’s insides.

Uses of Laparoscope

  • Helps view the insides of the body without tearing it open
  • Availability of various angled scopes that render excellent views into the desired parts
  • Ensures ease of surgery due to ergonomic designs

Laparoscopic Slide Lock Graspers

Slide lock graspers help grasp tissues of the body parts. The graspers observe and excise unnecessary tissues. Laparoscopic surgeries use atraumatic and retraction graspers.

Uses of Slide Lock Graspers

  • Help hold organs while operating
  • Move or wade through obstructing tissues
  • Help position surgical instruments

Needle Driver

A laparoscopic needle driver or holder holds and manipulates needles while suturing. The needle driver facilitates surgeons to form slip-knots on the incisions. Needle drivers are reusable and designed for easier grip.

Uses of Needle Driver

  • Ergonomic handle designs aid in suturing
  • The jaws of the needle provide firm gripping of the suture needle
  • Releases ratchet while suturing with ease

Laparoscopic Reposable Scissors

Laparoscopic reposable scissors come with a reusable handle and disposable scissors shaft. Surgeons use reposable scissors to cut tissues of internal body parts. Sterile and sharp scissors make surgeries safer.

Uses of Laparoscopic Reposable Scissors

  • Options for sterilizing and reusing
  • It comes in bipolar and monopolar facilities
  • Ensures patients’ safety and sterility

Uterine Manipulators

Uterine manipulators mobilize the uterus and seal the vagina during laparoscopic hysterectomy. It also helps to identify vaginal fornices.

Uses of Uterine Manipulators

  • Provides optimal operating space
  • Helps easy and safe positioning of the uterus
  • Is convenient and safe to use

Baskets for Laparoscopic Instruments

Baskets are containers that store and transport laparoscopic instruments. Sterile storage of laparoscopic instruments is mandatory as it ensures patients’ safety and reduces instrument damage.

Uses of Basket

  • Safe and sterile storage of instruments
  • Custom inserts hold instruments in place to prevent damages
  • Help transport tools during laparoscopy

Laparoscopic Instruments Uses

Modern laparoscopic instruments come with extensive progress in design and ergonomic features.

Chief uses of modern laparoscopic instruments include:

  • Nominal invasion into the patient’s body

  • High-resolution images

  • Accurate condition diagnosis

  • Precise and faster surgery

  • Less bleeding during surgery

  • Mild surgical scars

  • Fewer complications post-surgery


Minimally invasive surgeries have ensured safer operations and faster recovery of patients. The smaller laparoscopic instruments have made invasive surgeries more successful.

Progressive laparoscopic instruments operate well, even on concentrated vascular planes. These instruments ensure minimal bleeding and also aid in easier and more comfortable surgeries.

Other laparoscopic instruments include laparoscopic dissectors, hooks, staplers, suction and irrigation devices, trocars, probes, retractors, clips, forceps, energy devices, etc. The laparoscopic instruments used differ from one surgery to another.

Above all, laparoscopic instruments are essential for surgeries with minimal tissue damage. It is also for minimal bleeding and quicker recovery.

Have queries about laparoscopy? Contact a laparoscopy specialist to know more information.

Dr. K. Amilthan MBBS., MS., FMAS., FALS.

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