Difference between Laparoscopy and Endoscopy

Difference between Laparoscopy and Endoscopy

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Laparoscopy and endoscopy are minimally invasive medical procedures. Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure. Endoscopy is a diagnostic procedure.

Both procedures use thin tube-like structures with a camera attached to them. It is used to view the insides of the body.

Laparoscopy uses a laparoscope to view the insides of the abdomen and pelvic region. Endoscopy uses an endoscope to view the digestive tract

What are the Key Differences Between Laparoscopy and Endoscopy?

Laparoscopy operates on the abdominal and pelvic region. It uses a laparoscope. It is an instrument to view the body’s insides. Small incisions made on the abdomen enable the laparoscope to go through the abdominal wall.

Endoscopy views the digestive tract to diagnose it. The endoscope needs no incisions. It uses the oral or anal orifices to enter into the body.

Understanding the Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopy helps in hysterectomy, appendix removal, and other minor surgeries. Laparoscopy is chiefly meant to treat ailments in the abdominal and pelvic regions.

Laparoscopy causes less post-surgery pain. It requires less recovery time as well.

Laparoscopy uses expensive instruments to carry out the procedure.

Understanding Endoscopy

Endoscopy diagnoses disease in the esophagus and stomach areas. It makes no incisions on the patient’s body.

The endoscope travels through the digestive tract to identify diseases. It can also collect tissue samples for biopsy.

Local anesthesia is enough to undertake this procedure.

What Surgeries are Performed Laparoscopically?

Surgeries that use laparoscopy include:

  • Cholecystectomy
  • Appendectomy
  • Lithotomy
  • Endometriosis
  • Nephrectomy
  • Ovaries removal
  • Ovarian cysts
  • removal
  • Adhesion removal
  • Adrenalectomy

When do Surgeons Choose Endoscopy?

Surgeons choose endoscopy for diagnostic purposes of the digestive system. Endoscopy enables a view of the tract before any required surgery.

Surgeons can use endoscopy before finalizing the need for surgery. Endoscopy helps in biopsy pre-surgery.

Is Laparoscopy a Common Surgical Method?

Yes, laparoscopy is a common surgical method. Laparoscopy is gaining popularity over the years as it is minimally invasive.

Laparoscopy causes little infection and bleeding. The rate of recovery is also quick. So laparoscopy is widely preferred.

How Common is Endoscopy?

Endoscopy is a common diagnostic procedure. Endoscopy helps identify any discomfort in the digestive tract and ulcer formations in the stomach.

The most commonly performed endoscopy is upper endoscopy. It diagnoses the esophagus, stomach, and a part of the duodenum.


Laparoscopy and endoscopy have enormous benefits regarding diagnosing the body’s insides without large incisions.

Also, both laparoscopy and endoscopy ensure the disease is first diagnosed before surgery.

What are the Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery?

The advantages of laparoscopic surgery include:

  • Faster recovery rate post-surgery
  • Smaller incisions that heal quicker and leave no scar
  • Lesser pain
  • Lesser infection
  • Best for minor surgeries and biopsies in the abdominal region

What are the Advantages of Endoscopy?

Endoscopy does not make any incisions. So there is no fear of blood loss. Also, there are various endoscopy procedures available. Some include:

  • Anoscopy for disease in the rectum or anus
  • Bronchoscopy for issues in lungs and windpipe
  • Colonoscopy for the colon and large intestine
  • Colposcopy for vagina and cervix
  • Esophagoscopy for esophagus
  • Laryngoscopy for larynx and so on


There are complications such as infection, perforation, and so on with laparoscopy and endoscopy. Yet the benefits of laparoscopy and laparotomy outweigh the disadvantages of these surgeries.

What are the Complications of Laparoscopic Surgery?

The complications of laparoscopic surgery include:

  • Limited mobility for laparoscopic instruments
  • Dependent on the image transmitted by the laparoscope camera
  • Cancer spillage possibility

What are the Complications of Endoscopy?

The complications of endoscopic surgery include:

  • Perforation of the endoscope instruments
  • Limited mobility
  • Dependent on the image transmitted by the endoscope camera

Recovery Time

The recovery time of laparoscopy and endoscopy is minimal most of the time. However, the gravity of the laparoscopic surgery will decide on the recovery time.

What is the Recovery Time for Laparoscopic Surgery?

Patients may leave for home on the very day of laparoscopy surgery. Major surgeries done through laparoscopy may require hospitalization for a few days. 

During the recovery phase, the patients need to know what to eat and what foods to avoid after the laparoscopic surgery.

What is the Recovery Time for Endoscopy?

The recovery time for endoscopy is a single day if local anesthesia is administered. Patients may feel discomfort in the areas where the endoscope was inserted. Other than that endoscopy does not require a lengthy recovery time.


Laparoscopy and endoscopy are two profitable gifts that the advancement of the medical field has provided us with. You can choose laparoscopy if the surgery is a minor one. Doctors recommend endoscopy for diagnosis most of the time. So it is best to consult your surgeon or physician to choose the procedure needed to diagnose or operate on your ailment.

To know more about the details of laparoscopy and endoscopy contact a surgeon.

Dr. K. Amilthan MBBS., MS., FMAS., FALS.

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