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Incisional Hernia

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About Incisional Hernia

An incisional hernia is a type of hernia that develops at the site of a previous surgical incision. This can occur when the incision site does not heal properly, or when the abdominal muscles and connective tissue are weakened or damaged during the surgery.

Causes and symptoms of Incisional Hernia

Causes

three surgeons performing surgery

Weakness or damage to the abdominal muscles or connective tissue during surgery

A visible scar that might have occurred due to a surgery

Failure of the incision site to heal properly

a man in discomfort because of his bodily issues

Straining during bowel movements, coughing, or lifting heavy objects after surgery

A plate of food with multiple dishes

Obesity and poor nutrition

a hand crushing a bunch of cigarettes

Smoking, which can weaken the connective tissue

Symptoms

A bulge or swelling in the stomach area

A visible bulge or lump at the site of the incision

A man having backpain while lifting

Pain or discomfort, especially when lifting or straining

a tired man holding his stomach with pain

A feeling of heaviness or pressure in the abdomen

A woman on the verge of Vomiting

Nausea or vomiting

a woman suffering from discomfort standing near the toilet

Difficulty passing stools or urine

In some cases, a hernia may become strangulated, which means that the blood supply to the protruding tissue is cut off. This can cause severe pain, fever, and nausea, and requires emergency medical attention.

If you suspect you have an incisional hernia, it is important to consult a healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment recommendations. Treatment options may include watchful waiting, lifestyle changes, or surgical repair, depending on the severity of the hernia and other factors.

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Treatment for Incisional Hernia

The treatment for incisional hernia typically involves surgical repair. The goal of surgery is to close the weakened or torn area of the abdominal wall and reduce the hernia by returning the protruding tissue to its proper place. The surgical approach may depend on the size and location of the hernia, as well as the individual patient’s health and medical history

There are different surgical techniques used to repair an incisional hernia, including open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. Open surgery involves making a large incision in the abdomen to access and repair the hernia, while laparoscopic surgery involves making several small incisions and using a camera and specialized surgical instruments to repair the hernia.

Surgery

In cases where the hernia is causing discomfort or pain, or is at risk of becoming strangulated, surgery may be necessary to repair the hernia. During the surgery, the protruding tissue is pushed back into the abdomen, and the muscles and connective tissue around the incision site are repaired or reinforced with mesh.

Recovery time varies depending on the size and location of the hernia, as well as the individual’s overall health and lifestyle factors. It is important to consult a healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment recommendations if you suspect you have an incisional hernia. The healthcare provider can assess the severity of the condition and recommend the most appropriate treatment options.

three surgeons performing surgery

Open surgery

three surgeons performing surgery

This involves making an incision in the abdominal area to access and repair the hernia. During the procedure, the surgeon will carefully push the protruding tissue back into place, and then sew up the weakened area of the abdominal wall. The surgeon may also use a synthetic mesh to reinforce the repair and prevent recurrence of the hernia.

Laparoscopic surgery

This is a minimally invasive surgical approach that involves making several small incisions in the abdomen. The surgeon will use a laparoscope, a thin tube with a camera and surgical instruments attached, to access and repair the hernia. The surgeon may also use a mesh to reinforce the weakened area of the abdominal wall.

two surgeons performing operation

Facts of Incisional Hernia

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